purvottare prajvalikanidhane sada vasantam girijasametam |
surasuraradhitapadapadmaa shravaidyanatham tamaham namami ||
Location of Vaidyanath Temple
If one is to draw a line between Kanyakumari and Ujjain, Parali
village can be clearly seen on that line. This village is located on the
slopes of Meru or Naganarayana Mountain. Parali is an ancient village
located near three rivers, Brahma, Venu and Saraswati, because of the
presence of one of the twelve JyotirLingas of Shankara, it has become
famous. This village is also known as Kantipur, Madhyarekha Vaijayanti
or Jayanti. It is 26 kilometers from Ambejogai in the Beed district.
History of Parali Vaidhyanath jyothirlinga temple
Yogeshwari of Ambejogai was married to Lord Vaidyanatha of Parali.
But by the time the marriage party reached, the auspicious time of the
wedding had passed. As a result the people of the marriage party turned
into stone statues. Yogeshwari was waiting away from Parali. This is one
story that is frequently heard there.
When the Gods and Demons made their combined effort in Amrit
Manthan (Churning for Nectar), fourteen gems emerged. There were
Dhanwantari and Amrit Ratnas in it. When the Demons rushed to grab
Amrit, Lord Vishnu hid the Amrit and Dhanwantari in the Shiva Linga of
Lord Shankara. Just as the Demons tried to touch the Linga, flames
started emanating from the Linga. The scared Demons ran aay. But when
devotees of Lord Shankara touched the Linga, there was a free flow of
Amrit from the same. Even today, devotees touch the Shiva Linga as a
part of taking Darshan. Here, there is no discrimination between caste,
creed or color. Anyone can come and visit this place. As the Lingamurthy
is supposed to have Amrit and Dhanvantari, it is also known as
Amriteshwar and Dhanvantari.
"Vaidyabhyam Poojitam Satyam, Lingametat puratamam
Vaidyanathamiti prakhyatam Sarvakamapradayakam”.
The mountains and jungles and the rivers, are full of useful
medicinal herbs. That is why Parali JyotirLinga is also known as
It is here that Lord Vishnu successfully helped the Devas to obtain Amrit. Therefore, this place is also known as ‘Vaijayanti”.
Once the Demon King Ravana went to Kailasa mountain and did a
severe penance to please Lord Shankara. Put up with cold, heat, rains
and fine and even then when Lord Shiva did not appear before him, he
began to cut his head off in order to offer it to the ShivaLinga. Then
the Lord appeared after Ravana tried to offer his tenth head. He
restored all of Ravana’s heads and granted him boons. Ravana expressed
his desire to take Lord Shiva to Lanka as a boon. He said, "I want to
take you to Lanka”. Shankara, who is very soft hearted to His devotees,
agreed to accompany Ravana to Lanka. He told Ravanan, "You must carry my
Linga with care and devotion, but do be careful not to put it down on
the earth until you reach your destination, or else, it will stay at
whichever place you put it down” Shiva cautioned.
Ravana began the journey homeward carrying the Shivaling. On the
way, he wanted to relieve himself by urination. He bid a cowherd boy to
hold the Linga while he relieved himself. The cowherd was not able to
bear the weight of the Linga and when he could no longer hold it, he put
it down on the earth. And the Shiva Linga put there stayed as Lord
Shiva already ordained and came to be known as Vaidyanatheswar.
Here, the gods were sad about Ravana taking away Shiva to his
Lanka. They requested saint Narada to do something. Narada met Ravana
and said to him by way of praising his penance and Tapas. "You made a
mistake in trusting Shiva. Believing Shiva’s word was wrong. Go to him
and slander him and get your way. Go to Kailasa and move it entirely.
Your success will be gauged by your art of moving Kailasa from there”.
Ravana was tricked into believing Narada. Ravana promptly carried out
Narada’s bidding. Lord Shiva saw the ego driven mischieves rAvaNa and
told him: "A unique power is soon going to born which will destroy your
pride in the strength of your arms”. Narada informed the Gods of these
tidings and his success in his mission. The gods were relieved and were
happy. In the meanwhile, Ravana too was happy with the boon he received
from Lord Shiva. He returned and was in a trance and was under the
influence of Shiva’s mythical power. He was heady and drunk with power.
He decided to conquer the entire universe. To subdue his ego only God
had to descend on the earth in the Avatar of Rama.
Recent developments in Parli Vaidhyanath
Near Parali Village, the temple is built with stones on a high mound.
The temple is surrounded on all four sides by strong walls. The insides
have corridors and a courtyard. Outside the temple there is huge Deep
Stambh or pillar. The main gate or the Mahadwar has a Minaret nearby. It
is called a Prachi or Gawaksha, i.e., window. With the help of the
location of these special prayers are held for Sun God, based on the
sunrays falling through these windows, directly on to the Lingamurthy.
There is a strong, wide staircase to enter the Temple. It is called ‘Ghat’. The old Ghat was built in the year 1108.
The inner portal of the temple and the court hall are both of the
same size. Therefore, the deity’s Darshan has to be done from the
courtroom itself. No other place has this type of arrangement. At other
places, the inner portal or the Garbhagriha is visually deep.
The Lingamurty at Vaidyanath is made of Shaligram stone. It is
beautiful and very smooth and is in a benevolent attitude. On all the
four sides of the temple, Nanda Deeps (lights) keep burning.
Vaidyanath temple was renovated in the year 1706 AD, by Shiva
devotee Ahalyadevi Holkar. She obtained some special stones from the
nearby mountain range of Trishula Devi range, which is close to Parali.
This place was Ahalyadevi’s favorite.
Late Nanarao Deshpanda built the wonderful court hall of the
temple. The artisans were brought from the village and with the help of
the devotees. A Rama Rajeshwar Mahadev Temple too is built in memory of
them near to the Vaidyanath temple. With in the premises of the
Vaidyanath temple itself, there are eleven more temples for Shiva. The
Veerashaiva Lingayats consider Vaidyanath Temple as the best.
Srimant Pershwa donated a large piece of land as an endowment to
the temple commission. Today this establishment works through a
committee. Several auspicious events are arranged here. Travelers can
stay here in comfort.
Just as Parali is a place of pilgrimage for Shiva devotees, it is
also a meeting point for Hari Hara. In this mixed holy place, Lord
Krishna’s festivals too are celebrated along with Lord Shankara’s
festivals, with great festivity. The water from the Harihar Teerth is
brought for the daily worship of Vaidyanath. Every Monday devotees
gather here in great numbers.
On Chaitra Padva, Vijayadashani, Tripuri Pournima, Maha
Shivaratri and Vaikunth Chaturdashi, big celebrations take place. During
these celebrations, there is no distinction between Bel and Tulsi.
Mahadev is offered Tulsi leaves and Vishnu is offered Bel leaves. This
unique practice is seen only in Vaidyanath. During the rainy season
(Sravan) worship of Vaidyanath, the entire area of Parali echoes with
the chanting of Rudrabhisheka Mantrochchar. The regular Puja is also
done with great devotion and dedication.
Markandeya, obtained his boon of life here in Parali from
Vaidyanatha. This story is from Shivapuran, Markandeya was not blessed
with a long life. Yama wanted to take his life in accordance with the
time of Markandeya’s life. But Shiva released him from imminent death
and from Yama. A pond is named after him. It is here that this happened.
The story of Satyavan and Savitri too is based in Parali this
holy place. On the Narayan mountain, the Vata Vriksh or Banyan tree of
Savitri’s story, is still here to be seen. There is a temple of
King Sriyal and Queen Changuna’s dear son Chilia, came to life due to the kindness of Lord Shiva in Parali Vaidyanath.
Lord Ganesha’s idol without the usual trunk and in a sitting posture like a body builder can be seen here.
Great saints like Vakrebua, Dhundiraj, Yamaraj, Vishweswar, Guru
Lingaswamy lived here. Their holy touch has made Parali even holier. It
is a place of pride for Maharashtra.
"Vaidyanatheswaram NaamnaatalLinga Bhavamukheta
Prasiddham Trishulokeshuh Bhuktimukti pradamsataam
JyotirLingamidam sreshtam Darshant Poojanaadapi
Sarvapapaharam Divyam Bhuktivardhana muttamam
Maanusham durlabham Praanya Vaidyanathasya Darshanam
Na Karoti naro yastu Janma nirardhakam”.